Romania - NATO

Missile Defence

The allied efforts aimed to develop a NATO Ballistic Missile System (BMD) are based on the evolving threats posed by the proliferation of ballistic missiles. The current trends indicate that this threat continue to increase as many international actors are trying to modernize their existing systems, to develop new ones or to acquire ballistic missiles with better performances.
At the Lisbon Summit in 2010, as part of the broader collective defence efforts, NATO Heads of State and Governments decided to develop an allied ballistic missile defence capability which would provide full coverage and protection for all NATO European populations, territory and forces based on the principles of the indivisibility of Allied security and NATO solidarity, equitable sharing of risks and burdens, as well as reasonable challenge, taking into account the level of threat, affordability and technical feasibility.
Based on allied decision, the NATO BMD system was designed to be composed of two main elements, a common command and control system, eligible for common funding, and allied voluntary national contributions with sensors and interceptors which are to be connected to the commonly developed C2.
In 2012, Ballistic Missile Defence acquired a central place in the new NATO Deterrence and Defence Posture Review, the allies committing in Chicago to maintain an appropriate mix of nuclear, conventional and missile defence capabilities to fulfil the Alliance’s core tasks as set out in the Strategic Concept. The BMD capability was defined as having a complementary role to nuclear weapons in deterrence, this capability being purely defensive and being established in the light of threats from outside the Euro-Atlantic area. On the same occasion it was stated that NATO missile defence is not oriented against Russia and it does not have the capability to undermine Russia’s strategic deterrent.
The development of NATO BMD capability have seen a significant progress since the initiative was launched in 2010, the allies reaching in 2012 an interim level of operational capability and, in July 2016, declaring the Initial Operation Capability of NATO BMD (IOC). This progress was based on both voluntary national contributions coming from the allies and the positive results in developing the common C2 system. As part of national contributions, Romania was actively involved, together with other allies (Poland, Spain, and Turkey), in the development of the US BMD European Phased Adaptive Approach Project (EPAA) by hosting locations for EPAA key components. The IOC declaration in Warsaw was facilitated by the completion and operationalization of phase II of EPAA, the activation of Aegis Ashore facility in Deveselu, Romania, offering a significant increase of BMD coverage and protection of allied territory against ballistic missile attacks, from outside Europe.
In July 2018, at the Brussels Summit, allies reaffirmed the political principles of NATO BMD and the determination to quickly and effectively develop NATO’s BMD Command and Control, overall completion of which is necessary to reach Full Operational Capability.
Additional information concerning Romania’s participation to the Allied efforts aimed to develop a Ballistic Missile Defence system can be accessed at
January 2019



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