Romania - NATO

Alliance Modernization

NATO’s modernization process is mainly driven by the requirement of ensuring an Alliance fit for purpose, able to adapt and to face the threats and challenges of today and tomorrow. It is built upon the already assumed 2010 decisions of reforming NATO agencies and command structure and the 2014 changes of the security environment that led to an increased focus on strengthening our collective defence. Even more, the process is influenced by and enforced in conjunction with the ongoing adaptation of the NATO Command Structure (NCS), along with the stepping up of Allied efforts to fight terrorism and project stability in neighbouring areas.

NATO’s modernization process is expected to generate more efficient and effective processes within the Organization, increased transparency also by publishing financial audits, better decision-making abilities, and better linking our political and military priorities with resource requirements, in particular through a more efficient use of the common-funded capability delivery process. It is envisaged that this process will represent one of the major focuses of the 2018 July Summit in Brussels, when Allied heads of states and government will decide upon its future implementation that will mainly cover the adaptation of the NATO Command Structure (NCS) and institutional adaptation.

The adaptation of the NATO Command Structure (NCS) has been reviewed as part of the major reform and modernization process to make it more efficient, flexible and responsive. At Warsaw Summit in 2016, NATO Allies agreed to review NCS so that it continues to meet the challenges of a complex and evolving security environment. In November 2017, NATO defence ministers agreed to an outline for future work which includes as key elements: a new Joint Command for the Atlantic to ensure the sea lines of communication between Europe and North America remain free and secure; a new Support Command to improve the movement of troops and equipment within Europe; reinforcing logistics elements across the NCs in Europe; a new Cyber Operation Centre to strengthen cyber defence and integrate cyber capabilities into NATO planning and operations. Based on this outline, in February 2018 defence minister approved the most suitable design for achieving the overarching requirement of an NCS that is fit for purpose. It will provide for a robust and agile adapted NCS that, in conjunction with Force structure entities, is able to undertake all functions to ensure effective command and control for simultaneous challenges across the full spectrum of missions associated with NATO’s three core tasks. As the following step of this complex process, in June 2018 Defence ministers will agree on the increase of the peacetime establishment, the geographical footprint of the new Force Structure headquarters and provide guidelines on the resource implications, implementation timelines.

Institutional adaptation is part of the NATO's long term adaptation concept, along with the political and military parallel strands of work. The objective is to support the creation of an Alliance adaptable by design, where the capacity to anticipate, and react to change is integral to how we operate. Current efforts strive towards improving accountability, governance and transparency. Expected results for the 2018 Summit cover the area of better delivery of capabilities.

March 2018

 

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