Romania - NATO

Conventional Arms Control, Disarmament, Non-Proliferation

The Allied policy in this area is based on the commitment of NATO’s member states to respect, implement and strengthen the existing agreements and regimes of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation, a commitment reflected in most strategic documents of the Alliance.
At the NATO Summit in Bucharest (April 2008), the Allied Heads of State and Government reaffirmed the role of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation in maintaining peace, international security and stability. They also noted a report on raising NATO's profile in this field and tasked the North Atlantic Council to assess periodically these issues.
As a result, the report on this issue, presented at the NATO Summit in Strasbourg-Kehl (2009), reflected a wide range of activities and efforts to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as well as to destroy the excess of small and light weapons and the surplus ammunition. Raising public awareness about NATO's contribution in these areas was set as an objective of the Alliance.
The Declaration of the NATO Summit in Lisbon and the Strategic Concept of 2010 included for the first time NATO’s intention to support the conditions for a world free of nuclear weapons, in accordance with the objectives set in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), in order to promote international stability and equal security for all.
Adopted at the NATO Summit in Chicago (2012), the Deterrence and Defence Posture Review addresses also the issues of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation.
The Declaration of the NATO Summit in Wales (2014) highlights the role of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation in achieving the security goals of the Alliance. The efforts deployed in this direction may have a direct impact on the security environment of NATO. This highlights the necessity of compliance with the relevant treaties and agreements, including the Treaty on Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) – a cornerstone of Euro-Atlantic security.
The importance of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation was reaffirmed at the NATO Summits in Warsaw (2016) and Brussels (2018). Their final communiqués reiterated the Allied commitment to strengthening and modernizing the regime of conventional arms control in Europe, based on the key principles and commitments undertaken, including reciprocity, transparency and host nation consent. Regarding the INF Treaty, with the Brussels Summit Declaration (2018), NATO has identified a Russian missile system (the 9M729) which generates serious concerns. Subsequently, in December 2018, the Allied foreign ministers published a Statement in which they refer to the development and fielding of the Russian missile system (the 9M729), as well as the violation of the INF Treaty. Allied foreign ministers also called on Russia to return urgently to full and verifiable compliance with the INF stipulations, the responsibility to preserve the Treaty belonging to it now.

Romanian position
Romania attaches a particular attention to these issues and is involved in the debates at NATO, on all associated aspects, including with regard to conventional arms control and in particular within the High Level Task Force (HLTF). Romania also supports the observance of the treaties that pertain to the conventional arms control, such as the CFE (Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty), the modernizing of the Vienna Document, as well as the maintaining and strengthening of the Open Skies Treaty.

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Last update: January 2019



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