Romania - NATO

The Black Sea

Romania attaches a great priority to enhancing security, stability and democracy in the Black Sea region. The aim of our overall approach is to contribute to anchoring the region in the Euro-Atlantic community, by fostering regional cooperation and support from the European and Euro-Atlantic institutions, including NATO.
The NATO Summit in Istanbul, in 2004, noted “the importance of the Black Sea region for Euro-Atlantic security” and expressed NATO’s willingness to explore means to complement regional efforts aimed at strengthening security and stability in this region, by building upon the existing formats of regional cooperation. It was the first time when a reference to the Black Sea region was included in the Declaration of a NATO Summit. The Declarations of the following Summits, in Riga (2006), Bucharest (2008), Strasbourg/Kehl (2009) , Lisbon (2010) and Chicago(2012) include references to the importance attached by the Alliance to the Black Sea region.
In a specific paragraph dedicated to the Black Sea, the Bucharest Summit’s Declaration reaffirms “the continued importance of the Black Sea region for Euro-Atlantic security” and the willingness of the Alliance to “continue to support, as appropriate, these efforts guided by regional priorities and based on transparency, complementarity and inclusiveness, in order to develop dialogue and cooperation among the Black Sea states and with the Alliance”.
This message was reiterated by the Strasbourg/Kehl,  Lisbon, and Chicago  Summits’ Declarations. Through the Chicago Summit Declaration, the allied heads of state and government underline the relevance of the Black Sea region for Euro-Atlantic security and encourage the efforts towards consolidating regional cooperation and the readiness to support these efforts, “based on regional priorities and dialogue and cooperation among the Black Sea states and with the Alliance”.
The relevance of the Black Sea region for NATO is multi-fold. The Black Sea region encompasses, among NATO member-states, not only NATO partner-countries, but also countries who wish to become members of the Alliance.
Building democratic and effective security sector institutions is in the interest of the Alliance, as it is also the success of the overall democratic transitions launched in the region. The region is also the gateway for most of the oil and gas transported from Central Asia and Caucasus towards Europe. Security of energy infrastructure crossing this region is therefore critical for the European energy security.
There is also growing effervescence of regional cooperation in the Black Sea region, which resembles similar processes in Southeastern Europe after the end of the Balkan conflicts. Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization (BSEC), naval cooperation, Operation Black Sea Harmony as well as other  initiatives broader in their scope are examples of this regional dynamism.

Romania believes that  NATO can also bring value added, in the framework of the Partnership for Peace, to strengthening, on a regional basis, defense and security institutions, as well as cooperation in civil emergency planning and the protection of the energy infrastructure.

 

 

Last update: May 2013

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